Effects of n-3 fatty acids and acute exercise on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in healthy rat aorta.

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to determine whether n-3 PUFA result in an effect on endothelial function that is in addition to that of acute exercise. For 4 weeks, male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a diet based on n-3 PUFA or a standard diet. In each diet group, ten rats were submitted to an acute treadmill exercise while the remaining ten acted as sedentary controls. The running speed was progressively increased until the animals were exhausted. Endothelial function was then assessed by measuring isometric tension in rings of the thoracic aorta. In vessels precontracted with 0.1 microm-phenylephrine, responses to acetylcholine (ACh) were significantly improved following acute exercise in all diet groups. When PUFA supplementation was compared to the standard diet no significant difference was found in response to ACh, either at rest or after an acute exercise. Pretreatment of rings with Nomega-nitro-l-arginine methyl esther (50 microm) inhibited the ACh-mediated vasorelaxation in all groups. Response to 10 microm-nifedipine, an L-type Ca2+ channel antagonist, was similarly enhanced after acute exercise in both standard and PUFA diets. Furthermore, response to 0.01 microm-nifedipine was significantly higher after acute exercise only in the PUFA diet. In conclusion, in our 'healthy' rat model with 'normal' baseline endothelial function, acute exercise improves response to ACh while PUFA supplementation alone or in combination with acute exercise has no effect on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. However, PUFA may potentiate the acute exercise effect on smooth muscle cell relaxation via L-type Ca2+ channel modifications.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Br J Nutr, 2009, 101 (6), pp.829-35. 〈10.1017/S0007114508047715〉
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Sanéo Thioub, Jacques Mansourati, Charlotte Corporeau, Erwan Heylen, Jacques Delarue, et al.. Effects of n-3 fatty acids and acute exercise on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in healthy rat aorta.. Br J Nutr, 2009, 101 (6), pp.829-35. 〈10.1017/S0007114508047715〉. 〈hal-00743421〉



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