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Risk of Post-Thrombotic Syndrome After Subtherapeutic Warfarin Anticoagulation for a First Unprovoked Deep Vein Thrombosis: Results from the REVERSE study.

Abstract : Background: Risk factors for the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) remain poorly understood. Objectives: In this multinational multicenter study, we evaluated whether subtherapeutic warfarin anticoagulation was associated with development of PTS. Methods: Patients with a first unprovoked deep venous thrombosis (DVT) received standard anticoagulation for 5-7 months and were then assessed for PTS. The time in the therapeutic range was calculated from the international normalized ratio (INR) data. An INR below 2, more than 20% of the time, was considered as subtherapeutic anticoagulation. Results: Of the 349 patients enrolled, 97 (28%) developed PTS. The overall frequency of PTS in patients with subtherapeutic anticoagulation was 33.5%, compared to 21.6% in those with an INR below 2 for ≤20% of the time (p=0.01). During the first 3 months of therapy, the odds ratio (OR) for developing PTS if a patient had subtherapeutic anticoagulation was 1.78 (95% CI 1.10-2.87). After adjusting for confounding variables, the OR was 1.84 (95% CI 1.13-3.01). Corresponding ORs for the full period of anticoagulation were 1.83 (95% CI 1.14-3.00) [crude] and 1.88 (95% CI 1.15-3.07) [adjusted]. Conclusion: Subtherapeutic warfarin anticoagulation after a first unprovoked DVT was significantly associated with the development of PTS. © 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
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Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 22, 2012 - 10:05:56 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 11:00:02 AM

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R. S. Chitsike, M. A. Rodger, M. J. Kovacs, M. T. Betancourt, P. S. Wells, et al.. Risk of Post-Thrombotic Syndrome After Subtherapeutic Warfarin Anticoagulation for a First Unprovoked Deep Vein Thrombosis: Results from the REVERSE study.. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Wiley, 2012, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04872.x⟩. ⟨hal-00724644⟩

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