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Performance of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off to rule out pulmonary embolism.

Abstract : Summary: Background: Age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off has recently been proposed to increase D-dimer usefulness in older patients suspected of pulmonary embolism (PE). Objective: We externally validated this age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off using different D-dimer assays in a multicenter sample of emergency department patients. Methods: Secondary analysis of three prospectively collected databases (two European, one American) of patients suspected of having PE. D-dimer performance for ruling out PE was assessed by calculating negative likelihood ratio (nLR) for D-dimer with age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off (< age × 10 in patients over 50 years) and with conventional cut-off (< 500 μg dL(-1) ). Test efficiency was assessed by the number needed to test (NNT) to rule out PE in one patient. Results: Among 4537 patients included, overall PE prevalence was 10.1%. In the overall population, nLR was 0.06 (95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.09) with conventional cut-off and 0.08 (0.05-0.12) with age-adjusted cut-off. Using age-adjusted cut-off, nLR was 0.08, 0.09 and 0.06 for Vidas(®) , Liatest(®) and MDA(®) assays, respectively. Use of age-adjusted cut-off produced a favorable effect on NNT in the elderly; the greatest decrease was observed in patients > 75 years: NTT halved from 8.1 to 3.6. The proportion of patients over 75 years with normal D-dimer was doubled (27.9% vs. 12.3%). Conclusions: Our study shows that age-adjusted D-dimer had low nLR, allowing its use as a rule-out PE strategy in non-high pretest clinical probability patients, as well as using Vidas(®) , Liatest(®) or MDA(®) assays. This age-adjusted cut-off increased clinical usefulness of D-dimer in older patients. A large prospective study is required to confirm these results.
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Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2012 - 1:58:53 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:10:10 AM

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A. Penaloza, Pierre-Marie Roy, J. Kline, F. Verschuren, Grégoire Le Gal, et al.. Performance of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off to rule out pulmonary embolism.. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2012, 10 (7), pp.1291-6. ⟨10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04769.x⟩. ⟨hal-00720683⟩



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