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Effect of two oral doses of 17beta-estradiol associated with dydrogesterone on thrombin generation in healthy menopausal women: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.

Abstract : Oral hormone therapy is associated with an increased risk of venous thrombosis. Drug agencies recommend the use of the lowest efficient dose to treat menopausal symptoms for a better risk/ratio profile, although this profile has not been totally investigated yet. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of the standard dose of 17beta-estradiol to a lower one on thrombin generation (TG). In a 2-month study, healthy menopausal women were randomized to receive daily 1mg or 2 mg of 17beta-estradiol (E1, n = 24 and E2, n = 26; respectively) with 10 mg dydrogesterone or placebo (PL, n = 22). Plasma levels factors VII, X, VIII and II were assessed before and after treatment as well as Tissue factor triggered TG, which allows the investigation of the different phases of coagulation process. The peak of thrombin was higher in hormone therapy groups (E1: 42.39 +/- 50.23 nm, E2: 31.08 +/- 85.86 nm vs. 10.52 +/- 40.63 nm in PL, P = 0.002 and P = 0.01). Time to reach the peak was also shortened (PL: 0.26 +/- 0.69 min vs. E1: -0.26 +/- 0.80 min, E2: -0.55 +/- 0.79 min, P <10(-3) for both comparisons) and mean rate index of the propagation phase of TG was significantly increased. Among the studied clotting factors, only the levels of FVII were significantly increased after treatment administration. The two doses of 17beta-estradiol induced in a similar degree an acceleration of the initiation and propagation phase of tissue factor triggered thrombin generation and a significant increase of FVII coagulant activity.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00683334
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 28, 2012 - 2:48:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:58:38 AM

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Alexandra Rousseau, Annie Robert, Grigoris Gerotziafas, Dahlia Torchin, Faiez Zannad, et al.. Effect of two oral doses of 17beta-estradiol associated with dydrogesterone on thrombin generation in healthy menopausal women: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology, Wiley, 2010, 24 (2), pp.239-45. ⟨10.1111/j.1472-8206.2009.00747.x⟩. ⟨hal-00683334⟩

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