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Oligocarrageenans and tissue-dependant oxidative burst in Solieria chordalis (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales)

Abstract : The release of hydrogen peroxide by thallus fragments of the rhodophycean Solieria chordalis (C. Agardh) J. Agardh has been documented both in the presence and in the absence of oligosaccharides. Within 1 h, ramuli were able to release large amounts of peroxide in the absence of any chemical stress. Among potential elicitors tested, only degree of polymerization 1 (DP1) and DP7-8 oligo-iota-carrageenans stimulated defense mechanisms in both axes and ramuli as shown by the occurrence of an oxidative burst. Chopping of the tissues had no effect on the intensity of the burst, therefore suggesting that mainly cortical cell layers were involved in the process. After 5 min incubation, a dose of 125 mu g mL(-1) of an oligomeric mixture containing a large proportion of DP1 units proved to be sufficient to obtain a maximal response. The intensity of the burst was significantly higher with isolated ramuli than with pieces of the axis, with outer peroxide accumulations reaching 200 nmol g(-1) fresh weight of treated tissue. Altogether, our results show that S. chordalis is able to react to a simulated pathogen attack by an oxidative burst and that the capacity to carry out an oxidative burst is stronger in ramuli than in axes.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00670405
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 15, 2012 - 1:05:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 27, 2020 - 11:22:04 AM

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Erwan Ar Gall, Laurence Cornec, Eric Deslandes. Oligocarrageenans and tissue-dependant oxidative burst in Solieria chordalis (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales). Phycological Research, Wiley, 2008, 56 (1), pp.7-12. ⟨10.1111/j.1440-1835.2008.00479.x⟩. ⟨hal-00670405⟩

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