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Mark-recapture cloning: a straightforward and cost-effective cloning method for population genetics of single-copy nuclear DNA sequences in diploids

Abstract : We describe a simple protocol to reduce the number of cloning reactions of nuclear DNA sequences in population genetic studies of diploid organisms. Cloning is a necessary step to obtain correct haplotypes in such organisms, and, while traditional methods are efficient at cloning together many genes of a single individual, population geneticists rather need to clone the same locus in many individuals. Our method consists of marking individual sequences during the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 5'-tailed primers with small polynucleotide tags. PCR products are mixed together before the cloning reaction and clones are sequenced with universal plasmid primers. The individual from which a sequence comes from is identified by the tag sequences upstream of each initial primer. We called our protocol mark-recapture (MR) cloning. We present results from 57 experiments of MR cloning conducted in four distinct laboratories using nuclear loci of various lengths in different invertebrate species. Rate of capture (proportion of individuals for which one or more sequences were retrieved) and multiple capture (proportion of individuals for which two or more sequences were retrieved) empirically obtained are described. We estimated that MR cloning allowed reducing costs by up to 70% when compared to conventional individual-based cloning. However, we recommend to adjust the mark:recapture ratio in order to obtain multiple sequences from the same individual and circumvent inherent technical artefacts of PCR, cloning and sequencing. We argue that MR cloning is a valid and reliable high-throughput method, providing the number of sequences exceeds the number of individuals initially amplified.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00670005
Contributor : Catherine Bertignac <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 14, 2012 - 12:11:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:34:43 PM

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Nicolas Bierne, Arnaud Tanguy, Matthieu Faure, Baptiste Faure, Elise David, et al.. Mark-recapture cloning: a straightforward and cost-effective cloning method for population genetics of single-copy nuclear DNA sequences in diploids. Molecular Ecology Notes, Wiley-Blackwell, 2007, 7 (4), pp.562-566. ⟨10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01685.x⟩. ⟨hal-00670005⟩

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