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Shell disease: abnormal conchiolin deposit in the abalone Haliotis tuberculata

Abstract : Shell disease in the abalone Haliotis tuberculata L. is characterized by a conchiolin deposit on the inner surface of the shell. The gross clinical signs appear similar to the Brown Ring Disease (BRD) of clams. BRD has been extensively described in clams and is known to be responsible for severe mortalities and the collapse of the clam aquaculture industry in western France. In the clam, it was found to be caused by the infection of the mantle by Vibrio tapetis. Brown protein deposits have been observed in various abalone species around the world; some of these have been associated with a fungal infection in New Zealand, but the ones described here are similar to bacterial infections observed in clams. Larger animals appeared to be more affected by the disease, and a positive correlation of the number of successive infections found in the shells with the level of infestation of the shell by borers suggests that boring polychaetes and sponges may be vectors of the disease, or that the parasite infestation may increase the susceptibility of the animal to this infection. There is no evidence, however, that this infection causes mortality in abalone.
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Sylvain Huchette, Christine Paillard, Jacques Clavier, Robert Day. Shell disease: abnormal conchiolin deposit in the abalone Haliotis tuberculata. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, Inter Research, 2006, 68, pp.267-271. ⟨10.3354/dao068267⟩. ⟨hal-00669959⟩

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