Responses of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas populations to abiotic stress in environmentally contrasted estuaries along the Atlantic coast of France

Abstract : Genetic and ecophysiological responses of oyster, Crassostrea gigas, populations to environmental stress were investigated in three highly contaminated French estuaries (the Gironde, Loire and Vilaine) and compared to a control, the Belon estuary. A strong response in both metallothionein CgMT4 mRNA expression, as determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, and amount of protein, as determined by ELISA tests, was demonstrated in estuarine populations subjected to differential contamination, with an inhibition in the area most highly contaminated with metals. In these same estuarine populations, we found polymorphisms of the metallothionein CgMT4 gene and three other genes (glutamine synthetase - GS, delta-9 desaturase - D9 and phosphoglucomutase - PGM) involved in stress response of C. gigas. We showed that genetic differentiation was observed for MT4 and PGM genes in the Gironde estuary which is highly contaminated with metals. A strong seasonal effect was observed. Phenotype-genotype coupling revealed that one particular MT4 allele and one PGM allele seemed to be associated with metal sensitivity expressed as lower detoxification efficiency and higher metal bioaccumulation. The MT4 gene is a good physiological and genetic marker of stress response and susceptibility.
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Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2012, 109, pp.70-79. 〈10.1016/j.aquatox.2011.11.014〉
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Elise David, Arnaud Tanguy, Ricardo Riso, Louis Quiniou, Jean Laroche, et al.. Responses of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas populations to abiotic stress in environmentally contrasted estuaries along the Atlantic coast of France. Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2012, 109, pp.70-79. 〈10.1016/j.aquatox.2011.11.014〉. 〈hal-00660804〉

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