Prevalence, intensity, and aneuploidy patterns of disseminated neoplasia in cockles (Cerastoderma edule) from Arcachon Bay: Seasonal variation and position in sediment - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Invertebrate Pathology Year : 2010

Prevalence, intensity, and aneuploidy patterns of disseminated neoplasia in cockles (Cerastoderma edule) from Arcachon Bay: Seasonal variation and position in sediment

Abstract

The present report presents the first evidence of disseminated neoplasia (DN) in cockles Cerastoderma edule from Arcachon Bay (France). Aneuploidy of neoplastic cells allowed the use of flow cytometry (FCM) to diagnose and stage DN. A 1 year survey (2007) of the prevalence and intensity (% of aneuploid circulating cells in neoplastic cockles) was conducted. Prevalences ranged from 2.2% (June) to 13.6% (May), and disease intensity ranged from 18.7% (June) to 95.5% (September). These percentages were not correlated with seawater temperature, but rather showed unexplained oscillations over the year. Prevalence and intensity of DN were higher in cockles found at the surface of sediment compared to those buried normally (11.8% vs. 6.7% and 53.0% vs. 40.6%, respectively, p < 0.05). DN could thus be one mechanism leading to unexplained presence of cockles at the surface of the sediment in Arcachon Bay. Ploidy characteristics of neoplastic cells were also investigated using FCM, revealing an unusual, broad continuum of ploidy distribution from 1.6 to 9.6n. Ploidy values were not in whole numbers in contrast to the rounded values reported in other studies. Ploidy varied according to DN intensity, with the ploidy distribution of neoplastic cells from lightly-diseased cockles being unimodal (3.7n median). In contrast, highly-diseased cockles showed a bimodal ploidy distribution (3.0n and 4.7n medians). This suggests that, in cockles from Arcachon Bay, mechanisms leading to aneuploidy are complex, developing during disease progression.

Dates and versions

hal-00645817 , version 1 (28-11-2011)

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Fabienne Le Grand, Edouard Kraffe, Xavier de Montaudouin, Antonio Villalba, Yanic Marty, et al.. Prevalence, intensity, and aneuploidy patterns of disseminated neoplasia in cockles (Cerastoderma edule) from Arcachon Bay: Seasonal variation and position in sediment. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 2010, 104 (2), pp.110-118. ⟨10.1016/j.jip.2010.01.011⟩. ⟨hal-00645817⟩
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