Immune effects of HFO on European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas

Abstract : The European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were exposed to a soluble fraction of heavy fuel oil for 5 and 9 days, respectively. The organisms were then transferred to non-contaminated seawater for 1 month. The bioaccumulation and elimination of PAHs in contaminated tissues were dissimilar between species. In fish, acenaphthene and naphthalene were detected and naphthalene was still detectable 30 days after the beginning of the recovery period. In oysters, on the other hand, pyrene and phenanthrene were bioaccumulated and 14 days after exposure no more PAHs were detected. Concerning innate immune parameters, the increase of haemolytic activity of the alternative complement pathway in fish and the reduction of phenoloxidase activity in oysters endured, respectively, 1 and 2 weeks in contaminated organisms. This indicates that these two enzymatic cascades could be quite useful for monitoring pollution by oil.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00638198
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Submitted on : Friday, November 4, 2011 - 11:34:25 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 23, 2018 - 9:54:02 PM

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Anne Bado-Nilles, Claire Quentel, Michel Auffret, Stéphane Le Floch, Béatrice Gagnaire, et al.. Immune effects of HFO on European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2009, 72 (5), pp.1446-1454. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-00638198⟩

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