F. Álvarez-garcía, M. Latif, and A. Biastoch, On Multidecadal and Quasi-Decadal North Atlantic Variability, Journal of Climate, vol.21, issue.14, pp.3433-3452, 2008.
DOI : 10.1175/2007JCLI1800.1

H. L. Bryden, H. R. Longworth, and S. A. Cunningham, Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25?????N, Nature, vol.411, issue.7068, pp.655-657, 2005.
DOI : 10.1038/nature04385

B. Dickson, I. Yashayaev, J. Meincke, B. Turrell, S. Dye et al., Rapid freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades, Nature, vol.416, issue.6883, pp.832-837, 2002.
DOI : 10.1038/416832a

M. K. Flatau, L. Talley, and P. P. Niiler, The North Atlantic Oscillation, Surface Current Velocities, and SST Changes in the Subpolar North Atlantic, Journal of Climate, vol.16, issue.14, pp.2355-2369, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/2787.1

C. Gourcuff, Etude de la variabilité de la circulation du gyre subpolaire de l'Atlantique Nord à l'aide des données Ovide et des mesures satellitaires, 2008.

S. Häkkinen and P. B. Rhines, Decline of Subpolar North Atlantic Circulation During the 1990s, Science, vol.304, issue.5670, pp.555-559, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1094917

S. Häkkinen and P. B. Rhines, Shifting surface currents in the northern North Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.100, issue.C1, pp.10-1029, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2008JC004883

R. A. Kerr, A North Atlantic Climate Pacemaker for the Centuries, Science, vol.288, issue.5473, pp.1984-1986, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.288.5473.1984

J. R. Knight, R. J. Allan, C. K. Folland, M. Vellinga, and M. E. Mann, A signature of persistent natural thermohaline circulation cycles in observed climate, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.17, issue.D14, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL024233

J. R. Knight, The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Inferred from the Forced Climate Response in Coupled General Circulation Models, Journal of Climate, vol.22, issue.7, pp.1610-1625, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2008JCLI2628.1

R. Lumpkin, K. Speer, and K. P. Koltermann, Transport across 48??N in the Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.38, issue.4, pp.733-752, 2008.
DOI : 10.1175/2007JPO3636.1

D. Parker, C. Folland, A. Scaife, J. Knight, A. Colman et al., Decadal to multidecadal variability and the climate change background, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.10, issue.C3, pp.18-28, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008411

F. A. Schott and P. Brandt, Circulation and deep water export of the subpolar North Atlantic during the 1990's, pp.91-117, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/173GM08

M. Vellinga and P. Wu, Low-Latitude Freshwater Influence on Centennial Variability of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation, Journal of Climate, vol.17, issue.23, pp.4498-4511, 2004.
DOI : 10.1175/3219.1