A. Arakawa and V. R. Lamb, Computational design of the basic dynamical process of the UCLA general circulation model, Methods Comput. Phys, vol.16, pp.173-283, 1977.

O. Aumont, E. Maier-reimer, S. Blain, and P. Monfray, An ecosystem model of the global ocean including Fe, Si, P co-limitations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, vol.17, pp.10-1029, 1060.

P. W. Boyd, A mesoscale phytoplankton bloom in the polar Southern Ocean stimulated by iron fertilization, Nature, vol.407, issue.6805, pp.695-702, 2000.
DOI : 10.1038/35037500

M. A. Brzezinski, C. J. Pride, V. M. Franck, D. M. Sigman, J. L. Sarmiento et al., depletion in the glacial Southern Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.407, issue.12, pp.156410-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001GL014349

M. Conkright, S. Levitus, T. O-'brien, T. Boyer, J. Antonov et al., World Ocean Atlas 1998 CD-ROM Data Set Documentation, pp.1-16, 1998.

T. B. Coplen, Compilation of minimum and maximum isotope ratios of selected elements in naturally occurring terrestrial materials and reagents, Water Resour. Invest. Rep. U.S. Geol. Surv., U.S. Dep. of Interior, pp.1-4222, 2002.

R. E. Criss, Principles of Stable Isotope Distribution, 1999.

C. L. De-la-rocha, Silicon isotope fractionation by marine sponges and the reconstruction of the silicon isotope composition of ancient deepwater, Geology, issue.5, pp.31-423, 2003.

C. L. De-la-rocha, M. A. Brzezinski, and M. J. Deniro, Fractionation of silicon isotopes by marine diatoms during biogenic silica formation, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.61, issue.23, pp.61-5051, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00300-1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00660851

C. L. De-la-rocha, M. A. Brzezinski, M. J. Deniro, and A. Shemesh, Silicon-isotope composition of diatoms as an indicator of past oceanic change, Nature, vol.395, issue.6703, pp.680-683, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/27174

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00660848

C. L. De-la-rocha, M. A. Brzezinski, and M. J. Deniro, A first look at the distribution of the stable isotopes of silicon in natural waters, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.64, issue.14, pp.2467-2477, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00373-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00660843

J. Dutay, Evaluation of ocean model ventilation with CFC-11: comparison of 13 global ocean models, Ocean Modelling, vol.4, issue.2, pp.89-120, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1463-5003(01)00013-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00772133

R. W. Eppley, Temperature and phytoplankton growth in the sea, Fish. Bull, vol.70, pp.1063-1085, 1972.

C. Heinze, E. Maier-reimer, A. M. Winguth, and D. Archer, A global oceanic sediment model for long-term climate studies, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.68, issue.49, pp.221-250, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/98GB02812

S. Hellerman and M. Rosenstein, Normal Monthly Wind Stress Over the World Ocean with Error Estimates, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.13, issue.7, pp.1093-1104, 1983.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0485(1983)013<1093:NMWSOT>2.0.CO;2

G. C. Johnson and M. Mcphaden, Equatorial Pacific Ocean Horizontal Velocity, Divergence, and Upwelling*, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.31, issue.3, pp.839-849, 2001.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<0839:EPOHVD>2.0.CO;2

K. S. Johnson, F. P. Chavez, and G. E. Friederich, Continental-shelf sediment as a primary source of iron for coastal phytoplankton, Nature, vol.398, issue.6729, pp.697-700, 1999.
DOI : 10.1038/19511

A. Kamatami and J. P. Riley, Dissolution rates of silica from diatoms decomposing at various temperatures, Marine Biology, vol.34, issue.1, pp.91-96, 1979.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00393146

S. Levitus, Climatological atlas of the world ocean, NOAA Prof, U.S. Govt. Print. Off, 1982.

P. Loubere, Marine control of biological production in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, vol.406, issue.6795, pp.497-500, 2000.
DOI : 10.1038/35020041

E. Maier-reimer, Geochemical cycles in an ocean general circulation model. Preindustrial tracer distributions, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.68, issue.C9, pp.645-677, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93GB01355

E. Maier-reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, and K. Hasselmann, Mean Circulation of the Hamburg LSG OGCM and Its Sensitivity to the Thermohaline Surface Forcing, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.23, issue.4, pp.731-757, 1993.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<0731:MCOTHL>2.0.CO;2

J. H. Martin and S. E. Fitzwater, Iron deficiency limits phytoplankton growth in the north-east Pacific subarctic, Nature, vol.331, issue.6154, pp.341-343, 1988.
DOI : 10.1038/331341a0

D. M. Nelson, Vertical budgets for organic carbon and biogenic silica in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean, 1996???1998, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol.49, issue.9-10, pp.1645-1674, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00005-X

P. Pondaven, O. Ragueneau, P. Tréguer, A. Hauvespre, L. Dezileau et al., Resolving the ???opal paradox??? in the Southern Ocean, Nature, vol.405, issue.6783, pp.405-168, 2000.
DOI : 10.1038/35012046

O. Ragueneau, A review of the Si cycle in the modern ocean: recent progress and missing gaps in the application of biogenic opal as a paleoproductivity proxy, Global and Planetary Change, vol.26, issue.4, pp.317-365, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0921-8181(00)00052-7

K. J. Rosman and P. D. Taylor, Isotopic compositions of the elements, Pure Appl. Chem, vol.70, issue.1, pp.217-235, 1998.

K. D. Six and E. Maier-reimer, Effects of plankton dynamics on seasonal carbon fluxes in an ocean general circulation model, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.7, issue.3, pp.559-583, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96GB02561

B. M. Sloyan and S. R. Rintoul, The Southern Ocean Limb of the Global Deep Overturning Circulation*, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.31, issue.1, pp.143-173, 2001.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<0143:TSOLOT>2.0.CO;2

L. E. Smith, Photosynthesis in Relation to Light and Carbon Dioxide, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.22, issue.8, pp.504-511, 1936.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.22.8.504

P. A. Spadaro, Silicon isotope fractionation by the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Master's thesis, 1983.

P. Tréguer, A. Kamatami, S. Gueneley, and B. Quéguiner, Kinetics of dissolution of Antarctic diatom frustules and the biogeochemical cycle of silicon in the Southern Ocean, Polar Biology, vol.40, issue.6, pp.397-403, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00442531

P. Tréguer, D. M. Nelson, A. J. Van-bennekom, D. J. Demaster, A. Leynaert et al., The Silica Balance in the World Ocean: A Reestimate, Science, vol.268, issue.5209, pp.375-379, 1995.
DOI : 10.1126/science.268.5209.375

D. E. Varela, C. J. Pride, M. A. Brzezinski, and M. J. Deniro, Natural variations in silicon isotope abundances as indicators of silica production in the Southern Ocean, Ocean Sci. Meet, pp.21-29, 2002.

G. Wefer, W. H. Berger, J. Bijma, and G. Fischer, Clues to Ocean History: a Brief Overview of Proxies, Use of Proxies in Paleoceanography, pp.1-68, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-58646-0_1

S. D. Woodruff, A Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.68, issue.10, pp.1239-1250, 1987.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(1987)068<1239:ACOADS>2.0.CO;2