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Influence of atmospheric inputs on the iron distribution in the subtropical North-East Atlantic Ocean

Abstract : Aerosol (soluble and total) iron and water-column dissolved (DFe, < 0.2 μm) and total dissolvable (TDFe, unfiltered) iron concentrations were determined in the Canary Basin and along a transect towards the Strait of Gibraltar, in order to sample across the Saharan dust plume. Cumulative dust deposition fluxes estimated from direct aerosol sampling during our one-month cruise are representative of the estimated deposition fluxes based on near surface water dissolved aluminium concentrations measured on board. Iron inventories in near surface waters combined with flux estimates confirmed the relatively short residence time of DFe in waters influenced by the Saharan dust plume (6–14 months). Enhanced near surface water concentrations of DFe (5.90–6.99 nM) were observed at the Strait of Gibraltar mainly due to inputs from metal-rich rivers. In the Canary Basin and the transect towards Gibraltar, DFe concentrations (0.07–0.76 nM) were typical of concentrations observed in the surface North Atlantic Waters, with the highest concentrations associated with higher atmospheric inputs in the Canary Basin. Depth profiles showed that DFe and TDFe were influenced by atmospheric inputs in this area with an accumulation of aeolian Fe in the surface waters. The sub-surface minimum of both DFe and TDFe suggests that a simple partitioning between dissolved and particulate Fe is not obvious there and that export may occur for both phases. At depths of around 1000–1300 m, both regeneration and Meddies may explain the observed maximum. Our data suggest that, in deep waters, higher particle concentrations likely due to dust storms may increase the scavenging flux and thus decrease DFe concentrations in deep waters.
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Contributor : Ivo Grigorov Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2010 - 10:46:17 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:25:40 PM

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Géraldine Sarthou, Alex R. Baker, Jurjen Kramer, Patrick Laan, A. Laës, et al.. Influence of atmospheric inputs on the iron distribution in the subtropical North-East Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 2007, 104 (3-4), pp.186-202. ⟨10.1016/j.marchem.2006.11.004⟩. ⟨hal-00456419⟩



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