A. L. Alldredge and C. G. Gotschalk, Direct observations of the mass flocculation of diatom blooms: characteristics, settling velocities and formation of diatom aggregates. Deep- Sea Research II, pp.156-171, 1989.

P. Boden and . J. Backman, A laminated sediment sequence from the northern North Atlantic Ocean and its climatic record, Geology, vol.24, issue.6, pp.507-510, 1996.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1996)024<0507:ALSSFT>2.3.CO;2

D. S. Billet, R. S. Lampitt, A. L. Rice, and R. F. Mantoura, Seasonal sedimentation of phytoplankton to the deep-sea benthos, Nature, vol.29, issue.5908, pp.520-522, 1983.
DOI : 10.1038/302520a0

A. U. Bracher, B. M. Kroon, and M. I. Lucas, Primary production, physiological state and composition of phytoplankton in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.190, pp.1-16, 1999.
DOI : 10.3354/meps190001

I. Brodie and A. E. Kemp, Pelletal structures in Peruvian upwelling sediments, Journal of the Geological Society, vol.152, issue.1, pp.141-150, 1994.
DOI : 10.1144/gsjgs.152.1.0141

D. Bull, A. E. Kemp, and G. P. Weedon, A 160-k.y.-old record of El Ni??o???Southern Oscillation in marine production and coastal runoff from Santa Barbara Basin, California, USA, Geology, vol.28, issue.11, pp.1007-1011, 2000.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<1007:AKROEN>2.0.CO;2

L. H. Burckle, Diatom distribution and paleoceanographic reconstruction in the Southern Ocean ??? Present and last glacial maximum, Marine Micropaleontology, vol.9, issue.3, pp.241-261, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0377-8398(84)90015-X

L. H. Burckle and J. Cirilli, Origin of Diatom Ooze Belt in the Southern Ocean: Implications for Late Quaternary Paleoceanography, Micropaleontology, vol.33, issue.1, pp.82-86, 1987.
DOI : 10.2307/1485529

J. E. Channell and J. S. Stoner, Plio -Pleistocene magnetic polarity stratigraphies and diagenetic magnetite dissolution at ODP Leg 177 Sites, Marine Micropaleontology, 1089.

C. D. Charles, P. N. Froelich, M. A. Zibello, R. A. Mortlock, and J. J. Morley, Biogenic opal in Southern Ocean sediments over the last 450,000 years: Implications for surface water chemistry and circulation, Paleoceanography, vol.35, issue.6, pp.697-728, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/91PA02477

D. R. Defelice and S. W. Wise, Surface lithofacies, biofacies, and diatom diversity patterns as models for delineation of climatic change in the southeast Atlantic Ocean, Marine Micropaleontology, vol.6, issue.1, pp.29-70, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0377-8398(81)90011-6

S. Z. El-sayed, Primary productivity and estimates of potential yields of the Southern Ocean, Polar Research: To the Present and the Future, pp.141-160, 1978.

A. Engel, The role of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in the increase in apparent particle stickiness (alpha) during the decline of a diatom bloom, Journal of Plankton Research, vol.22, issue.3, pp.483-497, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/plankt/22.3.485

J. M. Fenner, Late Pliocene??Quaternary Quantitative Diatom Stratigraphy in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean, Proceedings of ODP Scientific Results, vol.114, pp.97-122, 1991.
DOI : 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.114.133.1991

J. Fenner, H. Schrader, and H. Weinigk, Diatom phytoplankton studies in the South Pacific Ocean, composition and correlation to the Antarctic Convergence and its paleoecological significance, pp.757-814, 1976.

G. A. Fryxell, P. A. Sims, and T. P. Watkins, Azpeitia (Bacillariophyceae): Related Genera and Promorphology, Systematic Botany Monographs, vol.13, pp.1-73, 1986.
DOI : 10.2307/25027634

R. Gersonde and G. Wefer, Sedimentation of biogenic siliceous particles in Antarctic waters from the Atlantic sector, Marine Micropaleontology, vol.11, issue.4, pp.311-332, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0377-8398(87)90004-1

K. A. Grimm, C. B. Lange, and A. S. Gill, Self-sedimentation of phytoplankton blooms in the geologic record, Sedimentary Geology, vol.110, issue.3-4, pp.151-161, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0037-0738(97)00048-1

I. M. Hense, U. V. Bathmann, and C. Hartmann, Spiny phytoplankton?slowing down the Carbon Pump in the Southern Ocean? EOS (Transaction of the Geophysical Union, 1998.

D. A. Hodell and K. Venz, Toward a high-resolution stable isotopic record of the Southern Ocean during the Pliocene-Pleistocene (4.8 TO 0.8 MA), pp.265-310, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/AR056p0265

D. A. Hodell, C. D. Charles, and U. S. Ninnemann, Comparison of interglacial stages in the South Atlantic sector of the southern ocean for the past 450 kyr: implifications for Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 11, Global and Planetary Change, vol.24, issue.1, pp.7-26, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0921-8181(99)00069-7

S. L. Kanfoush and D. A. Hodell, Late Pleistocene (MIS 1-8) Ice-Rafting in the South Atlantic: ODP Leg 177, Site 1094, 2002.

A. E. Kemp and J. G. Baldauf, Vast Neogene laminated diatom mat deposits from the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, vol.362, issue.6416, pp.141-144, 1993.
DOI : 10.1038/362141a0

A. E. Kemp, J. G. Baldauf, and R. B. Pearce, Origins and Paleoceanographic Significance of Laminated Diatom Ooze from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, pp.641-645, 1995.
DOI : 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.138.134.1995

A. E. Kemp, J. Pike, R. B. Pearce, and C. B. Lange, The ''fall dump''?a new perspective on the role of a ''shade flora'' in the annual cycle of diatom production and export flux. Deep-Sea Research II 47, Benthic foraminifera assemblages in Neogene laminated diatom ooze deposits in the east equatorial Pacific Ocean Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, pp.2129-2154, 1995.

C. Klaas, S. Kuhn, S. Menden-deuer, T. Reynarson, and V. Smetacek, Phytoplankton and heterotrophic protist counts The Expeditions ANTARKTIS XIII/1-2 of the Research Vessel ''POLARSTERN, Polarforschung, vol.96, issue.221, 1995.

H. F. Kleiven and E. Jansen, Rapid climate changes in the sub-polar south Atlantic Ocean during the mid-Pleistocene (1, Geology, 2002.

E. Kopczynska, M. Fiala, and C. Jeandel, Annual and interannual variability in phytoplankton at a permanent station off Kerguelen Islands, Southern Ocean, Polar Biology, vol.20, issue.5, pp.342-351, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s003000050312

O. G. Kozlova, W. Nsf, R. K. Dclaubscher, R. Perissinotto, and C. D. Mcquaid, Diatoms of the Indian and Pacific sectors of the Anatrctic by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations Phytoplankton production and biomass at frontal zones in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean, Polar Biology, vol.13, pp.191-471, 1964.

D. M. Nelson and W. O. Smith, Spring distributions of density, nutrients, and phytoplankton biomass in the ice edge zone of the Weddell-Scotia Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.33, issue.C7, pp.7181-7190, 1987.
DOI : 10.1029/JC092iC07p07181

D. M. Nelson and W. O. Smith, Sverdrup revisited: Critical depths, maximum chlorophyll levels, and the control of Southern Ocean productivity by the irradiance-mixing regime, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.36, issue.8, pp.1650-1661, 1991.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1991.36.8.1650

R. B. Pearce, A. E. Kemp, J. G. Baldauf, and S. C. King, High-Resolution Sedimentology and Micropaleontology of Laminated Diatomaceous Sediments from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, pp.647-663, 1995.
DOI : 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.138.135.1995

J. Pichon, M. Labracherie, L. Labeyrie, and J. Duprat, Transfer functions between diatom assemblages and surface hydrology in the southern ocean, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.61, pp.79-95, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0031-0182(87)90041-1

J. Pichon, L. Labeyrie, G. Bareille, M. Labracherie, J. Duprat et al., Surface water temperature changes in the high latitudes of the southern hemisphere over the Last Glacial-Interglacial Cycle, Paleoceanography, vol.35, issue.6A, pp.289-318, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92PA00709

J. Pike and A. E. Kemp, Preparation and analysis techniques for studies of laminated sediments, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoceanography from Laminated Sediments, pp.37-48, 1996.
DOI : 10.1144/GSL.SP.1996.116.01.05

B. Quéguiner, !. Tr, P. Eguer, I. Peeken, and R. Scharek, Biogeochemical dynamics and the silicon cycle in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean during austral spring 1992. Deep-Sea Research II, pp.69-89, 1997.

P. Quilty, K. R. Kerry, and H. J. Marchant, A seasonally recurrent patch of Antarctic planktonic diatoms, Search (ANZAAS), vol.16, p.48, 1985.

J. F. Read, M. I. Lucas, S. E. Holley, and R. T. Pollard, Phytoplankton, nutrients and hydrography in the frontal zone between the Southwest Indian subtropical gyre and the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, pp.2341-2367, 2000.

E. Sakshaug, O. Holm-hansen, and O. Holm-hansen, Factors governing pelagic production, Marine phytoplankton and productivity, pp.1-18, 1984.
DOI : 10.1029/ln008p0001

M. Schluter, Si cycling in the sediments of the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II 45, pp.1085-1109, 1998.

H. Schrader, Proposal for a standardized method of cleaning diatom-bearing deep -sea and land-exposed marine sediments, Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, vol.45, pp.403-409, 1973.

Z. Huang, A possible ENSO signal in the Ross Sea, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.24, pp.3253-3256, 1997.

A. Shemesh, L. H. Burckle, and P. N. Froelich, Abstract, Quaternary Research, vol.45, issue.57, pp.288-308, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(81)90024-4

S. Scientific-party-gersonde, R. Hodell, D. A. Blum, and P. , Leg 177 summary: Southern Ocean Palaeoceanography, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, pp.1-67, 1999.

V. Smetacek, Role of sinking in diatom life-history cycles: ecological, evolutionary and geological significance, Marine Biology, vol.6, issue.3, pp.239-251, 1985.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00392493

V. Smetacek, Diatoms and the silicate factor, Nature, vol.391, issue.6664, pp.224-225, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/34528

K. Takahashi, Seasonal fluxes of pelagic diatoms in the subarctic Pacific, 1982???1983, Deep Sea Research Part A. Oceanographic Research Papers, vol.33, issue.9, pp.1225-1251, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0198-0149(86)90022-1

C. R. Tomas, Identifying marine phytoplankton, p.858, 1997.

D. M. Ware, A century and a half of change in the climate of the NE Pacific, Fisheries Oceanography, vol.121, issue.4, pp.267-277, 1995.
DOI : 10.1126/science.268.5207.59

J. A. Yoder, S. Ackleson, R. T. Barber, P. Flamant, and W. A. Balch, A line in the sea, Nature, vol.371, issue.6499, pp.689-692, 1994.
DOI : 10.1038/371689a0

X. Yuan, M. A. Cane, and D. G. Martinson, Cycling around the South Pole, Nature, vol.380, issue.6576, pp.673-674, 1996.
DOI : 10.1038/380673a0

U. Zielinski and R. Gersonde, Diatom distribution in Southern Ocean surface sediments (Atlantic sector): Implications for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.129, issue.3-4, pp.213-250, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0031-0182(96)00130-7

U. Zielinski and R. Gersonde, Plio???Pleistocene diatom biostratigraphy from ODP Leg 177, Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, Marine Micropaleontology, vol.45, issue.3-4, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0377-8398(02)00031-2