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Journal Articles Sensors Year : 2024

Tracking of Bacteriophage Predation on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using a New Radiofrequency Biofilm Sensor

Abstract

Confronting the challenge of biofilm resistance and widespread antimicrobial resistance (AMR), this study emphasizes the need for innovative monitoring methods and explores the potential of bacteriophages against bacterial biofilms. Traditional methods, like optical density (OD) measurements and confocal microscopy, crucial in studying biofilm–virus interactions, often lack real-time monitoring and early detection capabilities, especially for biofilm formation and low bacterial concentrations. Addressing these gaps, we developed a new real-time, label-free radiofrequency sensor for monitoring bacteria and biofilm growth. The sensor, an open-ended coaxial probe, offers enhanced monitoring of bacterial development stages. Tested on a biological model of bacteria and bacteriophages, our results indicate the limitations of traditional OD measurements, influenced by factors like sedimented cell fragments and biofilm formation on well walls. While confocal microscopy provides detailed 3D biofilm architecture, its real-time monitoring application is limited. Our novel approach using radio frequency measurements (300 MHz) overcomes these shortcomings. It facilitates a finer analysis of the dynamic interaction between bacterial populations and phages, detecting real-time subtle changes. This method reveals distinct phases and breakpoints in biofilm formation and virion interaction not captured by conventional techniques. This study underscores the sensor’s potential in detecting irregular viral activity and assessing the efficacy of anti-biofilm treatments, contributing significantly to the understanding of biofilm dynamics. This research is vital in developing effective monitoring tools, guiding therapeutic strategies, and combating AMR.
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Dates and versions

hal-04523598 , version 1 (27-03-2024)

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Matthieu Longo, Florian Lelchat, Violette Le Baut, Stéphane Rioual, Fabienne Faÿ, et al.. Tracking of Bacteriophage Predation on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using a New Radiofrequency Biofilm Sensor. Sensors, 2024, 24 (7), pp.2042. ⟨10.3390/s24072042⟩. ⟨hal-04523598⟩
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