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Water eDNA metabarcoding is effective in detecting non-native species in marinas, but detection errors still hinder its use for passive monitoring

Abstract : Marinas are high-priority targets for marine non-indigenous species (NIS), where they compose a large portion of the biofouling communities. The practicality of water samples collection makes environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding an interesting tool for routine NIS surveys. Here the effectiveness of water-eDNA-metabarcoding to identify biofouling NIS, in ten marinas from western France, was examined. Morphological identification of specimens collected in quadrats brought out 18 sessile benthic NIS beneath floating pontoons. Water-eDNA-metabarcoding detected two thirds of them, failing to detect important NIS. However, sampling and bioinformatics filtering steps can be optimized to identify more species. In addition, this method allowed the detection of additional NIS from neighboring micro-habitats. Caution should however be taken when reporting putative novel NIS, because of errors in species assignment. This work highlights that water-eDNAmetabarcoding is effective for active (targeted) NIS surveys, and could be significantly improved for its further use in marine NIS passive surveys.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03669095
Contributor : Frédérique Viard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 16, 2022 - 1:01:35 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 19, 2022 - 3:45:40 PM

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Marjorie Couton, Laurent Lévêque, Claire Daguin-Thiébaut, Thierry Comtet, Frédérique Viard. Water eDNA metabarcoding is effective in detecting non-native species in marinas, but detection errors still hinder its use for passive monitoring. Biofouling, Taylor & Francis, inPress, ⟨10.1080/08927014.2022.2075739⟩. ⟨hal-03669095⟩

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