Dietary fatty acid composition changes mitochondrial phospholipids and oxidative capacities in rainbow trout red muscle

Abstract : Dietary conditioning of juvenile trout changed the acyl chain composition of mitochondrial phospholipids and the oxidative capacities of muscle mitochondria. Trout were fed three diets differing only in fatty acid (FA) composition. The highly unsaturated 22:6 n-3 (DHA) accounted for 0.4, 14, and 30% of fatty acids in Diets 1, 2 and 3. After 10 weeks of growth, the dietary groups differed markedly in FA composition of mitochondrial phospholipids, with significant dietary effects for virtually all FA. Mean mitochondrial DHA levels were 19, 40 and 33% in trout fed Diets 1, 2 and 3. Mitochondrial oxidative capacities changed with diet, while mitochondrial concentrations of cytochromes and of the adenylate nucleotide translocase (nmol mg(1) protein) did not. Mitochondria from fish fed Diet 1 had higher non-phosphorylating (state 4) rates at 5 degrees C than those fed other diets. When phosphorylating (state 3) rates differed between dietary groups, rates at 5 and 15 degrees C were higher for fish fed the more unsaturated diets. Stepwise multiple regressions indicated that FA composition could explain much (42-70%) of the variability of state 4 rates, particularly at 5 degrees C. At 15 degrees C, FA composition explained 16-42% of the variability of states 3 and 4 rates. Similar conclusions were obtained for the complete data set (trout fed diets 1, 2 and 3) and for the data from trout achieving similar growth rates (e.g. those fed Diets 1 and 2). Neither general characteristics of membrane FA, such as % saturates, unsaturation index, n-3, n-6 or n-3/n-6 nor levels of abundant unsaturated FA such as DHA or 18:1(n-9 + n-7), were systematically correlated with mitochondrial capacities even though they differed considerably between trout fed the different diets. Relatively minor FA (20:5n-3, 20:0, 18:2n-6, 18:3n-3, 18:0 and 15:0) showed better correlations with mitochondrial oxidative capacities. This supports the concept that acyl chain composition modulates mitochondrial capacities via interactions between membrane proteins and specific FA of particular phospholipid classes in their microenvironment.
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Journal of Comparative Physiology B, Springer Verlag, 2008, 178 (3), pp.385 - 399. 〈10.1007/s00360-007-0231-y〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 1 septembre 2017 - 16:12:00
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:17:06

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H. Guderley, E. Kraffe, W. Bureau, D. P. Bureau. Dietary fatty acid composition changes mitochondrial phospholipids and oxidative capacities in rainbow trout red muscle. Journal of Comparative Physiology B, Springer Verlag, 2008, 178 (3), pp.385 - 399. 〈10.1007/s00360-007-0231-y〉. 〈hal-01580515〉

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