Culture age impacts Plectosporium alismatis propagule yields and subsequent desiccation and UV-radiation tolerance

Abstract : The effect of culture age on yields, desiccation tolerance and resistance to ultraviolet radiation of Plectosporium alismatis, a potential mycoherbistat of aquatic weeds in Australian rice fields, was studied. P. alismatis was grown in a liquid basal medium supplemented with malt extract and sodium nitrate and harvested after 7, 14 or 21 days incubation. Although chlamydospore yields harvested from 14-day-old liquid cultures were significantly higher (29.2 105 chlamydospores mL 1) than chlamydospore yields harvested from 7-day-old liquid cultures (1.07 105 chlamydospores mL 1) or from 21-day-old liquid cultures, the germination of freshly-harvested chlamydospores from 7-day-old cultures (72.7%) was significantly reduced when propagules were grown for 14 days (55.3%). When exposed to UV-radiation, conidia and chlamydospores harvested from 14-day-old cultures germinated at a lower rate (B20%) than conidia and chlamydospores harvested from 7-day-old cultures ( 40%). When conidia and chlamydospores were dried and subsequently exposed to UV, less than 30% of propagules harvested from 7-day-old cultures germinated, whereas less than 10% of propagules harvested from 14-day-old cultures germinated. A three-way analysis of variance including culture age, UV exposure and type of propagules confirmed that the culture age had more impact on the germination of fresh or dry propagules (P 0.00001 and P 0.0004, respectively) than the type of propagules considered (P 0.5). These results demonstrate that the culture age impacts significantly propagule yields and germination of P. alismatis conidia and chlamydospores, particularly after stress caused by dehydration and/or exposure to UV-B radiation.
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Biocontrol Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2009, 19 (3), pp.277-288. 〈10.1080/09583150802713106〉
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http://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00728969
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Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 janvier 2018 - 14:42:39
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S. Texier, M. David, Sophie Cliquet. Culture age impacts Plectosporium alismatis propagule yields and subsequent desiccation and UV-radiation tolerance. Biocontrol Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2009, 19 (3), pp.277-288. 〈10.1080/09583150802713106〉. 〈hal-00728969〉

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