Thermodesulfatator atlanticus sp. nov., a thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic, sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from a Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent.

Abstract : A novel, strictly anaerobic, thermophilic, sulfate-reducing bacterium, designated strain AT1325(T), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent at the Rainbow site on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This strain was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Cells were Gram-negative motile rods (approximately 2.4 x 0.6 microm) with a single polar flagellum. Strain AT1325(T) grew at 55-75 degrees C (optimum, 65-70 degrees C), at pH 5.5-8.0 (optimum, 6.5-7.5) and in the presence of 1.5-4.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5 %). Cells grew chemolithoautotrophically with H2 as an energy source and SO4(2-) as an electron acceptor. Alternatively, the novel isolate was able to use methylamine, peptone or yeast extract as carbon sources. The dominant fatty acids (>5 % of the total) were C(16 : 0), C(18 : 1)omega7c, C(18 : 0) and C(19 : 0) cyclo omega8c. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain AT1325(T) was 45.6 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain AT1325(T) within the family Thermodesulfobacteriaceae, in the bacterial domain. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain AT1325(T) belonged to the genus Thermodesulfatator, sharing 97.8 % similarity with the type strain of Thermodesulfatator indicus, the unique representative species of this genus. On the basis of the data presented, it is suggested that strain AT1325(T) represents a novel species of the genus Thermodesulfatator, for which the name Thermodesulfatator atlanticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AT1325(T) (=DSM 21156(T)=JCM 15391(T)).
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International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Microbiology Society, 2010, 60 (Pt 1), pp.33-8. 〈10.1099/ijs.0.009449-0〉
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Karine Alain, Anne Postec, Elodie Grinsard, Françoise Lesongeur, Daniel Prieur, et al.. Thermodesulfatator atlanticus sp. nov., a thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic, sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from a Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent.. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Microbiology Society, 2010, 60 (Pt 1), pp.33-8. 〈10.1099/ijs.0.009449-0〉. 〈hal-00609631〉

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