Combining the oomycete Pythium oligandrum with two other antagonistic fungi: Root relationships and tomato grey mold biocontrol

Abstract : To reduce Pythium oligandrum biocontrol variability and improve its efficacy, experiments were performed by combining the oomycete with two other antagonistic fungi, Fusarium oxysporum strain Fo47 and Trichoderma harzianum. In Petri dishes, Fo47 or T. harzianum hyphae destroyed P. oligandrum cells by antibiosis and mycoparasitism processes; in the rhizosphere of tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum), the same antagonistic features were observed. However, in the rhizosphere, hyphae are frequently separated by a certain distance; this allows the coexistence and the persistence of the three microorganisms on the root systems. When introduced in the rhizosphere, Fo47 and P. oligandrum were able to penetrate the root tissues with Fo47 limited to the epidermal and upper layers of cortical cells while P. oligandrum colonized deeper tissue at a faster rate. The two antagonists were killed in few days within roots following elicited plant-defense reactions. T. harzianum was not able to penetrate root tissues. Root colonization with either P. oligandrum alone or in combination with Fo47 and/or T. harzianum resulted in systemic plant resistance which provided plant protection against Botrytis cinerea infection of leaves. The level of control and the expression of pathogenesis-related proteins (PR-proteins) in leaves were similar whatever the antagonistic microbial treatment applied to roots.
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http://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00555155
Contributeur : Violaine Garguilo <>
Soumis le : mercredi 12 janvier 2011 - 14:48:09
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 janvier 2018 - 14:42:39

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Gaétan Le Floch, Jessica Vallance, Nicole Benhamou, Patrice Rey. Combining the oomycete Pythium oligandrum with two other antagonistic fungi: Root relationships and tomato grey mold biocontrol. Biological Control, Elsevier, 2009, 50 (3), pp.288-298. 〈10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.04.013〉. 〈hal-00555155〉

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