Are spatial variations in the diets of hydrothermal fauna linked to local environmental conditions?

Abstract : Trophic relationships in Bathymodiolus azoricus mussel bed communities on the Tour Eiffel hydrothermal edifice (Lucky Strike) were assessed using delta C-13 and delta N-15 signatures from 14 hydrothermal species. The nutritional basis of B. azoricus was also investigated with delta S-34. Faunal samples and environmental data (temperature, pH, total dissolved sulfide, iron and copper concentrations) were collected from 12 different locations on the edifice. Chemical conditions varied between microhabitats, and were all correlated to temperature. Carbon and nitrogen isotopic results revealed the presence of two, apparently independent, trophic groups. The first was composed of symbiont-bearing fauna (B. azoricus and their associated polychaetes Branchipolynoe seepensis), while the second enclosed heterotrophic fauna (bacterivores, cletritivores, scavengers, predators). A majority of mussels displayed delta C-13 values ranging from -27 parts per thousand to -34 parts per thousand, supporting thiotrophy as the dominant nutritional pathway at Tour Eiffel, with methanotrophy and filter feeding emerging as secondary strategies. This result was corroborated by delta S-34 signatures. However, higher delta C-13 values in larger mussels suggested that, as they grow, B. azoricus mussels rely more heavily on their methanotrophic enclosymbionts. Significant spatial variability in isotopic signatures for single faunal species was observed at the scale of the edifice for three species (B. azoricus, B. seepensis, Amathys lutzi), and environmental conditions explained variation in isotopic signatures for one-third of the species. This confirms the hypothesis raised by several authors on the role of hydrothermal fluids on the trophic network at small spatial scales. We suggest that vent fluid characteristics, by influencing microbial production, are key factors in the variation of local carbon sources at vents.
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Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Elsevier, 2009, 56 (19-20), pp.1649-1664. 〈10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.05.011〉
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http://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00483137
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Soumis le : mercredi 12 mai 2010 - 16:19:20
Dernière modification le : jeudi 20 mai 2010 - 12:11:58

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F. De Busserolles, Jozée Sarrazin, Olivier Gauthier, Y. Gélinas, M.C. Fabri, et al.. Are spatial variations in the diets of hydrothermal fauna linked to local environmental conditions?. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Elsevier, 2009, 56 (19-20), pp.1649-1664. 〈10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.05.011〉. 〈hal-00483137〉

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